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SIDING GLOSSARY

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BEADING
This architectural term refers to a narrow,
 half-round molding that spans the edge of the siding.

PANEL PROJECTION
The section of siding that projects from the wall.
As a rule of thumb, a larger panel projection creates a more pronounced shadow line.

CASING
Molding of various widths used to trim door and window openings at the jambs.

CLAPBOARD
A thin, narrow board with one edge thicker than the other, used as siding.
CertainTeed siding brands offer clapboard-style siding in different exposures,
several different textures, and even different panel projections.

DUTCHLAP
A beveled-edge panel that was popularized by early American settlers.

EXPOSURE
The width of each "board" of siding. Also called a reveal.

FASCIA
Architecturally, "fascia" refers to a flat, horizontal band.

FIBER CEMENT
Consists of Portland cement, pulp fiber, sand, clay and water.

FINISH
Refers to the texture (and sometimes the gloss level) of a siding panel.
For fiber cement, this refers to the coating used to finish the siding.
Usually an opaque paint; solid or semi-transparent stain.

FRIEZE
The horizontal member connecting the top of the siding with the soffit.

GABLE
In house construction, the portion of the roof above the eave line of a double-sloped roof.

LINEAL
Molding of various widths used to trim door and window openings at the jambs.
Also referred to as: lineal, box post, window and door surround. Same as CASING.

LOCK
Where two panels join or snap together.

NAIL HEM
The top edge of a siding panel, where it is nailed to a wall.

OVERLAP
Area where two pieces of lap siding are overlapped. This dimension is usually 1 1/4".

PROFILE
Side view of a siding or soffit panel.

RAKE
Trim members that run parallel to the roof slope and form
the finish between the wall and a gable roof extension.

SHADOW LINE
The shadow pattern cast by a particular siding in the sunlight.
Shadow line is influenced by the style and panel projection of the siding.

SOFFIT
Usually the underside of an overhang.

SQUARE
Unit of measure for siding equal to 100 square feet (or a 10-foot by 10-foot wall section).
For fiber cement, this measurement is the final installed exposed area of the overlapped fiber cement. (Lap siding only.)

VERTICAL SIDING
Also referred to as "panel siding", this rectangular shaped siding is typically
manufactured in 4 x 8, 4 x 9 or 4 x 10 sizes. Vertical siding is never overlapped.
Solid vinyl soffit can also be used as vertical siding.

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